Rain gardens are a great way to reduce your contribution to storm water runoff and beautify your yard! A rain garden is an area designed to capture and hold rain water that would otherwise run into your ditch or coulee and eventually end up in the bayou, bringing pesticides, fertilizers, and other pollutants with it. Water captured in a rain garden is absorbed into the ground where it either recharges the ground water supply or is utilized by plants and returned to the atmosphere through transpiration. Water can be directed to a rain garden or the garden can be placed in an area that already receives water flow.
The other component of a rain garden is the berm, which is put into place to retain the water in a rain garden. A berm is similar to a levee and should reach the highest elevation of the rain garden. With the berm working to retain the water, the soil working to absorb the water, and the plants working to filter and transpire the water, a rain garden is a functioning system that can help to improve the water quality and overall health of our entire watershed.
Simple Planning To Prevent Common Problems1. Choosing an area that already contains appropriate soil will significantly reduce the labor needed to prepare the soil.
2. If you already have a low spot in your yard, you can simply direct your roof runoff to this area and plant a few rain garden plants.
3. Avoid planting your rain garden in an area that has poor drainage to begin with. The soils present in these areas are most likely clay and will not absorb the water quickly enough for a functioning rain garden.
4. Your rain garden should pond for about an hour after a rain event. If it takes longer than an hour, your soil may have high clay content. It is important to make sure the rain garden absorbs the water at the appropriate rate, because pooling water attracts mosquitoes.
5. If the area surrounding your rain garden is mostly clay, you may want to make it deeper so that it will be able to retain more water.
6. Choosing native plants for your rain garden means the garden will need less maintenance and is particularly adapted to survive in the conditions which it will be exposed to.
7. Planting butterfly and hummingbird attractant plants for more enjoyability.
8. Pay attention to how much sun or shade your rain garden gets when choosing plants.
9. Each rain garden has three areas: the middle should contain plants that can stand a lot of water, the side should contain plants that can tolerate fluctuating amounts of water, and the berm should contain plants that can stand more arid conditions.
10. Keep in mind that your rain garden should function as a sponge, quickly absorbing water and slowly releasing it through evaporation and transpiration.
Unlike rain gardens, which are usually situated in lower areas of landscapes, Butterfly Gardens make a great application for utilizing the rainwater stored in your rain barrel(s). Not only do they add color and life to your landscape, they support the life cycle of pollinators and other beneficial garden insects.
Although bees are much more effective at pollination, butterflies still do their fair share. Because butterflies can travel greater distances than bees, they actually help to share plant genetics over a larger area. Butterflies and moths also serve as a food source for birds, bats, and other animals. The following are a few tips for growing your butterfly garden:
1) Plant your butterfly garden in a location that is sunny (5-6 hours each day) but sheltered from the winds. Butterflies need the sun to warm themselves but they do not want to feed where they are constantly fighting the wind to stay on one plant.
2) Do Not Use Pesticides in Your Garden. Caterpillars which are the larval stage of butterflies will be using your garden for feeding and will eat back vegetation, this is a great time to observe nature in action.
3) Butterflies eat different foods as they transform from caterpillars into adult butterflies. Your garden should have a variety of plants that provide nourishment during the larval stage as well as nectar for adult butterflies. Butterfly larva feed on host plants that are specific to their species
4) For a complete list of native and non-native host plants for butterfly larva and nectar plants for adults, click here.
Wetland Plants Are Part of a Larger Picture
Along the way, this water picks up pollutants such as oil, pesticides, loose soils, excess fertilizers and trash. This stormwater runoff, and the pollutants it carries is the biggest threat to the water quality of the Bayou Vermilion.
Through a grant with the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, the Bayou Vermilion District is able to demonstrate five approaches that homeowners can use to improve the quality of stormwater entering the Vermilion River.